Why is the FPGA chip used?

February 28, 2024
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Why do FPGA chips use?

What is FPGA chip

Field Programmable Gate Array is a programmable logic device that consists of logical resource unit, input and output resource unit, and connection resource unit.The FPGA chip is designed to be re -programmed after production, which can be used to achieve hardware acceleration of custom computing and optimizing applications. It is a popular technology in embedded development and digital design in recent years.

The application field of FPGA chip

Kintex-7 FPGA

FPGA chips are widely used in various fields.It is used in electronic system design, communication, video processing, network, measuring instruments, medical care, aerospace, etc., because of its flexibility and programming, bring high returns.

The advantage of FPGA chip

The FPGA chip has many advantages, the most prominent of which is its programming and flexibility.Designers can use logical devices to design custom circuits without physical modification.The FPGA chip also has a more flexible design cycle than ASIC chips, because the design, prototype production and initial production cycle of silicon wafers have shortened.

The disadvantages of FPGA chip

Although FPGA chips have many advantages, they also have disadvantages.Compared with ASIC and general processors, the cost of each logic unit of the FPGA chip is higher, so it requires more expensive hardware and/or larger chip area.In addition, the clock speed and power consumption of the FPGA chip is usually lower than ASIC.

The difference between FPGA chip and ASIC chip

ASIC can only produce a single design. Compared with FPGA, its circuit design is more complicated and often requires millions of circuits. FPGA chips can be compiled to various different circuits.The design of ASIC needs to be experimented and verified. Once the design is successful, it is produced in large quantities, and the FPGA chip can be produced immediately after the design is completed.In addition, the FPGA chip is easier to test and track, because it can change its operation method by re -programming.

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FPGA chip design steps

The design steps of the FPGA chip are first logical design, and then the RTL (register transfer level) level verification is performed, and then it is comprehensive and implemented.Then, the timing analysis and the optimization design of the circuit will be carried out.Finally, the layout layout, wiring, and wiring are carried out. After implementation, design rules need to be checked.

FPGA chip manufacturer

At present, the major internationally FPGA chip manufacturers include Xilinx, Altera (Intel), Lattice Semiconductor and ACTEL.The domestic FPGA chip manufacturers include Huawei, Ziguang Zhanrui, Jiuwang, etc.

FPGA chip’s market prospects

The FPGA chip market has high development potential. As people’s demand for faster and more efficient processors has continued to increase, the sales of FPGA chips are expected to continue to grow in the next few years.In addition to the popular data centers and 5G networks, FPGA chips also provide a favorable prospect for emerging markets such as artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things, and future development prospects are optimistic.

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Future development direction of FPGA chip

In the future, the development direction of FPGA chips is mainly two aspects: one is more efficient circuit design and more compact chips; the other is a wider range of applications and more accurate and more flexible application performance needs.In addition, FPGA chips will be combined with other technologies, such as AI and quantum computing, which will provide better solutions for various industries.

Summary and view

The FPGA chip has become an important component in the digital field. Its programming and flexibility make the hardware accelerate and customized. At the same time, it also limits its application range because of its high cost and relatively low clock speeds.However, in the future, FPGA chips will continue to develop rapidly, application scenarios will continue to expand, and the emergence of quantum computing and other technologies will also bring new development opportunities to the FPGA field.

Manufacturers, research institutions and design teams can use the flexibility and programming of FPGA chips to create innovative products and application value and promote the development of the digital era.